Many different kinds of bomb shelter will be used for protection against fallout in an emergency. Some bomb shelters may be in schools, churches, or banks. Others may be in factories, office buildings, large stores, underground garages, basements of apartments or houses, mines, or caves.
Some bomb shelters may have many rooms, some of them on different levels, and others may have just one large room. The problems of providing the best radiation safety will be a little different in each bomb shelter.
Of course, if you have your own underground bomb shelter or fallout shelter, it may be minimal in size and people. You’ll most likely have your immediate family and a perhaps a friend or neighbor with you. In that case, you will be situated in an environment that’s far better than an overcrowded community fallout bomb shelter.
The Emergency Operating Center (EOC) should be consulted if special problems, not discussed here should arise. Finding a solution for some of these problems may mean the difference between life and death for some of the people in your bomb shelter. These solutions may depend on how good you are at inventing and putting together ideas on the spot and being able to do things in a difficult situation.
Here is a list of items to check out and do in your bomb shelter before fallout arrives. In the sections following the list, each item is discussed in greater detail. The most urgent items are included in Checklist ”A” at the front of this book. All items are included in Checklist “B”, the standard checklist for RM’s. You, the RM, will have to work in cooperation with the bomb shelter Manager and others on many of these items.
- Which locations appear to offer best bomb shelter protection against fallout? Sketch a bomb shelter floor plan and mark these locations.
- Is there going to be enough room for all of the people in the bomb shelter location of best protection?
- Can the radiation safety of the bomb shelter be improved with tools, materials, and manpower on hand?
- Are there openings to be baffled or covered to reduce the amount of radiation coming into the bomb shelter?
- Will these changes allow enough air to flow through to keep people in the bomb shelter from getting too hot when they are crowded?
- Are materials and tools handy which could be used for putting up additional, improvised shielding inside the bomb shelter after fallout arrives?
- Is there going to be a problem if a lot of people enter the bomb shelter while fallout is coming down?
- Are brooms and dustpans on hand to sweep up fallout particles that will accumulate near the entrance of the bomb shelter?
- Will trips for water or to restrooms increase radiation exposure?
- Where could dosimeters be mounted or hung in the bomb shelter? Are needed materials available for mounting or hanging them?
- Where can instruments, instrument supplies, flashlights, and batteries be stored securely in the bomb shelter?
- Are there enough candles, lanterns, flashlights, and other light sources so you can move around and read instruments if the power goes out in the bomb shelter?
- Are writing supplies available, including pens or pencils, and printed forms or paper, for keeping records of radiation exposure?
- Do you have a notebook in which to keep a record (RM log) of events?